My parents and I were having a conversation over lunch about possible alien life in the universe and the theory of multiple universes or dimensions. My mom noticed that I’m interested in the topic and so she challenge me to write a report about the multiverse theory to make her understand it more as well as appreciate it as much as I do. I finished this a couple of months ago and I figured I should share it here on my blog.

Multiverse Report
Subject: Science
Date: September 23 – September 28 2015

I. Concept of a multiverse
a.) Possibilities if the multiverse is real.
b.) Who supports the multiverse theory?

II. Theories of the creation of the multiverse and possible types of multiverses.
a.) What kinds of multiverses might exist?
b.) Max Tegmark’s Four Levels

III. What could have caused the multiverse?
a.) Multiverse in pop culture
b.) Earliest appearances of the multiverse theory in books.
c.) Famous books concerning multiversity

IV. Conclusion


A multiverse is an idea of having an infinite number of Earths and universes. Compared to other theories, the multiverse theory is relatively new and is the source of heated debate in the physics community. There are a lot of things that can separate one universe to another in a multiverse. For example, one of the Earths in a multiverse can be frozen in ice because the Ice Age never stopped and humans have built large cities underground. Or one universe might’ve mastered reality warping and conquered other universes with their superior technology. In a multiverse, anything is possible and our universe in completely insignificant on the cosmic scale.

The multiverse theory is backed up by well-known scientists like Stephen Hawking, Andrei Linde and Neil deGrasse Tyson.
Brian Greene, a theoretical physicist, discussed about the nine types of parallel universes that might exist. They are Quilted, Inflationary, Holographic, Simulated and Ultimate. Some of the most mind-blowing kinds of parallel universes is the Ultimate, Simulated and Inflationary. The Ultimate multiverse comprises every mathematically possible universe with every different laws of physics which is amazing if you imagine it; simulated multiverse exists on complex computer systems (just like The Matrix) that control entire universes. This could mean that someone or something that is extremely intelligent created; and lastly inflationary multiverse, where inflation (what is inflation?) happens all the time causes the form of new universes.

Before Brian Greene’s types of multiverses, there came Max Tegmark’s four levels which is broader than Greene’s, but is still also similar. Here are the four levels.

Level I: A universe with same laws of physics but with different initial conditions.
Level II: Universe with different physical constants
Level III: Same as Level II
Level IV: A universe with different fundamental equations of physics

Just like the inflationary universe, the multiverse might have produced thousands of universes way way way before Earth due to implosion. Implosion of universe is caused by the forever expanding of universes and when it expands too much, it implodes causing birth to a new universe. This theory is called Eternal Inflation and it’s basically an extension of the Big Bang theory. It all started in 1979 when Alan Guth independently developed a model and four years later for the first time, the key ideas were presented by Paul Steinhardt and Alex Vilenkin. And it all started there.

There is a theory that every single time we make a decision, we create a universe and by making a decision it is also how we create reality. We create infinite universes and considering how many people are making decisions around the world per minute then it means there are more than billions of universes in the multiverse created by humans since the time of the Ice Age. Another theory worth mentioning is that when a matter is pulled by a black whole (a deceased star) it becomes so dense it spits out and creates a new universe from it.

Most people nowadays are familiar with the concept of a multiverse because the multiverse is shown in different kinds of entertainment like movies, tv shows, sci-fi books and comic books.
Before Alan Guth, there have been books that seem to be set in a multiverse one of those are Narnia and The Wizard of Oz. Narnia is completely different from Earth because Narnia is a flat world and is in a geocentric universe (also known as a Ptolemaic system) meaning Narnia is the orbital center of all celestial bodies. This is completely different from our universe because here, planets orbit the sun. While Narnia is flat and is in a geocentric universe, Oz is a world with Munchkins, Gnomes and monkeys with wings. They are one of the first famous locations to be in a multiverse. Both locations are clearly set somewhere in the multiverse.

The multiverse is also established in the comic book world. The multiverse first appeared in comics in Flash #123 (Sep 1961). It featured Jay Garrick (the first flash who’s residing in Earth 2) and Barry Allen (who is from another universe) accidentally sent himself to Earth Two. This issue triggered the creation of the DC Multiverse where there are a lot of versions of characters and worlds. Parallel Earths and Universes interact in cross-over story arcs like Crisis On Infinite Earths, Crisis and more recently Convergence.

It’s good that the multiverse is shown in movies, books and tv shows because it helps us open our minds to all sorts of possibilities because anything is possible in a place with infinite Earths. And even though we haven’t discovered any at the moment, we might discover one in the near future because there are a lot of advancements in technology. Just make sure to prepare yourself because it will be quite a shock when we discover other Earths.


This picture was taken from

“From the Mixed Up Files of Mrs. Frankweiler” was written by E.L. Konigsburg and published and 1967. It received the John Newberry Medal for the most distinguished contribution to American Literature for children.

The book tells a story about Claudia who is planning to run away from home thinking her parents don’t appreciate her. She decides to take Jamie with her because he has the money and how convenient that would be.

They end up at the Metropolitan Museum of Art where they stumble upon a sculpture of an angel. Both Claudia and Jamie want to find out if it’s really Michelangelo’s or not. The only person who might have the answer is the previous owner named Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler.

They visit her in her mansion and fill their minds with secrets from the old woman. The two children soon find out that the sculpture was really Michelangelo’s. Mrs. Basil decided to sell it to the museum, but she never told anyone to avoid speculation among experts. She left the sketch for the sculpture for Claudia and Jamie in her will on one condition: The two children should never tell anyone about the sculpture nor the sketches.

This book is one of the most entertaining books I’ve read in a while. Claudia and Jamie’s characters are one of the best things about this book.

The other interesting character in the story is Mrs. Frankweiler who is very wise, witty and humorous. I consider her as one of my favorite old lady characters from books or movies (Aunt May from Spider-Man comics is one of them).

I recommend ‘From the Mixed Up Files of Mrs. Frankweiler” to anyone because it just doesn’t entertain kids but adults as well.

Well, a lot of things have happened since the time I stopped blogging. We went to Bicol, I concentrated on playing my guitar and my family and I became busy these last few months. We moved to a bigger house so we will have more space to play and to build a bigger library.

I have a lot of articles to write for my blog. Some of them are our awesome Bicol Trip, our 365 days in Boracay and so much more! I’d be pretty disappointed in myself if I let this blog go to waste because I put up a lot of effort in it.

I am planning to start a new blog on comics. It will be full of reviews,facts and updates on the comic book world and industry.

For the meantime, I am not a hundred percent sure where to put my new blog. It’s either here on WordPress or on Blogspot. I have a difficult time arranging pictures on my posts and I heard that Blogspot is easier to customize all around.

Anyway as promised, I will be posting more and more on this blog and I will try to improve my writing. I will also post a link of my comic book blog once it is finished.

Image  —  Posted: March 1, 2015 in Events
Tags: , , , , , , ,

         Having an autographed comic book is a dream of any comic book collector. I bought a Captain America comic book at Comic Odyssey. I noticed that Mark Gruenwald and Ron Lim autographed the comic book. I quickly researched their autographs. Ron Lim usually puts the date on the right side and Mark Gruenwald usually writes the letter d like a triangle. I never expected to get an autographed comic book for $3(P150). I’m really happy because I am a fan of Mark Gruenwald. I have some comic books written by him. Three days ago, Comic Odyssey had a sale. I took advantage and bought three X-men comic books and two Captain America comic books. I noticed again that both of the Captain America comics are signed by Mark Gruenwald and Ron Lim. I showed it to the guy at the store. He said that it is a really good deal and I said to myself it’s more than a good deal. It’s a jackpot! It seems like the guys at Comic Odyssey didn’t scan the comic books that they bought.

Captain America Autographed 3

You can see the two autographs near Captain America.

Captain America Autographed 2

Here you can see the signatures close to Captain America’s shield.

Captain America Autographed

Captain America Issue 390 (The Superia Strategem, Part 4) with Mark Gruenwald’s autograph to the right of Anaconda and Ron Lim’s near Battleaxe.

        The Flight of the Navigator is a 1986 science fiction film directed by Randal Kleiser. The movie is about a 12-year old boy named David Freeman who fell into a ditch. When David woke up, he found out that eight years have passed since he fell. The weird thing is that he did not age. They all soon found out that David was abducted by an alien spacecraft and taken to another planet called Phaelon. David has two choices – stay in 1986 or go back to 1978 and risk his life in the time travel.

I have always been fascinated by time travel. That’s one of the reasons why I like this movie. I found it funny when David thought that the band Twisted Sisters were women and when he didn’t know anything about new wave music.
In this movie, you will certainly hate the NASA scientist. He promised David to stay at their facility for 48 hours but soon he planned to make him stay longer. It seems like they will treat David like a lab rat for the rest of his life.

Everybody will be satisfied with the ending. David got back to 1978 safely just in time to celebrate the Fourth of July. I will rate this movie 8.8.